GDPR is a regulation that aims to give back to the EU Citizens and residents control of their personal data or to put it other words control over any kind of data that could be used by third parties for their personal identification.
GDPR intends to strengthen and unify data protection for all individuals within the European Union (EU). It also addresses the export of personal data outside the EU. When the GDPR takes effect, it will replace the data protection directive (officially Directive 95/46/EC) from 1995.
The regulation was adopted on 27 April 2016. It applies from 25 May 2018 after a two-year transition period and, unlike a directive, it does not require any enabling legislation to be passed by national governments.